Limestone Carbonization is a Measure of Time.
Limestone is a common sedimentary rock composed chiefly of calcium carbonate. It constitutes about 15% of the earth’s sedimentary rocks by volume. John White Collection Stone 32 is limestone. Science can tell us a lot about this limestone rock.
The weathering of carbonate artifacts and monuments influences their geotechnical properties. It constitutes an indicator of the passage of time. The degree of deterioration of ancient artifacts made from limestone provides us with valuable information about their age since the cutting or engraving of the stones by the hand of man.
The John White Collection of Stones from the Mississippi River’s valleys is remarkable for many reasons.
Engraved characters cut into Stone 32 correspond to the Phoenician alphabet commonly used more than 2,000 years ago in the Old World.
Brian Nettles has made the first meaningful translation of Stone 32, which we now call the Scurvy Stone.
The story cut in Stone 32 talks about the mouth, mind, and death. We know that scurvy plagued ancient seafarers. Many Phoenicians died of scurvy on their long voyages. Scurvy first starts in the mouth with bleeding gums. Teeth fall out. The second phase of scurvy is the loss of cognitive power in the mind. After the mind goes, death comes. This is the sequence of events in the story from the stone.
Who among us can take the characters of the ancient Phoenician alphabet and write the words in such a way as to tell the woes of seamen who spent their lives on the high seas worrying about scurvy more than 2,000 years ago?
We are confident that a flint burin was used to engrave the characters into the limestone with a skill commonly found for thousands of years with stone tool-making in most areas of the world.
In the groves of engraved characters, we see the carbonization of the limestone surface, confirming that the age of the stone engraving was well before the arrival of the Europeans to America.
We are now putting these conclusions in front of the world. We welcome any counter-views. Frankly, it is simple. Captain Philip Beale showed how the Phoenicians had the technology to cross the Atlantic 2,000 years before Columbus. Stone 32 from the John White Collection shows that the Phoenicians brought their language and culture to America thousands of years before Columbus. We believe that we are only at the earliest stage of our inquiry and are anxious to bring more minds together as we search for the meaning of what is coming out of the ground.